India, a land of diverse landscapes and cultures, is renowned for its multitude of beautiful cities, each with its own unique charm. One of the most captivating and green cities in the country is Bengaluru, often referred to as the “Garden City of India.” This nickname is not just a coincidence but a testament to the city’s lush greenery, verdant parks, and a climate that embraces the art of gardening. In this article, we are going to dig into which city is known as the garden city of India, its enchanting gardens, the people’s role in maintaining this title, and the challenges it faces in preserving its green legacy.
Which city is known as the Garden City of India
Bengaluru, the capital of Karnataka, has a history that dates back centuries. It was a favoured destination for rulers and emperors due to its pleasant climate and natural beauty. The city’s transformation into the Garden City began during the British colonial era in the early 19th century. The British were captivated by the city’s climate and saw the potential for creating a garden city that would serve as a respite from the hot and humid plains of India. They initiated various horticultural endeavours and planted numerous trees, giving birth to the city’s green legacy.
Details of the Best Garden City of India
The Legacy of Lalbagh Botanical Garden
Lalbagh Botanical Garden, one of Bengaluru’s most iconic landmarks, is at the heart of the city’s green reputation. This 240-acre garden is a living testament to the British-era horticultural influence. Hyder Ali, the ruler of Mysore, commissioned the garden in the 18th century, and his son, Tipu Sultan, continued its development. It was later improved and expanded under the guidance of the British.
Lalbagh showcases a magnificent collection of indigenous and exotic plants, including rare species like the Lalbagh Rock, the Silk Cotton Tree, and the centuries-old Lalbagh Glass House, inspired by London’s Crystal Palace. The Glass House serves as the centrepiece for the biannual Lalbagh Flower Show, a spectacular display of flowers and plants from around the world. The garden is not just a testament to the city’s greenery but also a hub for horticultural research and education.
Cubbon Park – Another Green Gem
Cubbon Park, officially named Sri Chamarajendra Park, is another jewel in Bengaluru’s crown. Spread over 300 acres, this urban park is an oasis of greenery amidst the bustling city. Named after Sir Mark Cubbon, a British bureaucrat, it was established in 1870. The park houses a remarkable collection of trees and plants, with various species neatly labelled for visitors. It’s a favourite spot for joggers, nature enthusiasts, and families looking for a peaceful escape.
One of the highlights of Cubbon Park is the Attara Kacheri, which houses the Karnataka High Court. This iconic red building adds to the historical and architectural charm of the park. The park’s serene atmosphere is a reminder of Bengaluru’s commitment to preserving green spaces.
The Role of Citizens in Preservation
One of the most remarkable aspects of Bengaluru’s title as the Garden City of India is the active involvement of its citizens in preserving and nurturing green spaces. The people of Bengaluru have shown a deep commitment to maintaining the city’s green legacy. Various initiatives, citizen-driven campaigns, and volunteer efforts have contributed to the city’s lush surroundings.
Many residents actively participate in tree-planting drives, park clean-up activities, and conservation efforts. The city’s communities and resident welfare associations have played a significant role in the beautification and upkeep of local parks and gardens. The collaborative efforts of the citizens are a testament to their love for the Garden City.
List of Garden City of India
Here is the list of Which city is known as the Garden City of India.
|City||State||Notable Green Features and Gardens|
|Bengaluru||Karnataka||Lalbagh Botanical Garden, Cubbon Park, numerous parks, and tree-lined streets.|
|Chandigarh||Punjab and Haryana||Rock Garden, Rose Garden, well-planned green spaces, and tree-lined avenues.|
|Mysuru||Karnataka||Brindavan Gardens, Kukkarahalli Lake, and the greenery surrounding palaces.|
|Pune||Maharashtra||Osho Garden, Saras Baug, and a pleasant climate with green surroundings.|
|Darjeeling||West Bengal||Scenic tea gardens, botanical gardens, and lush landscapes.|
|Coimbatore||Tamil Nadu||VOC Park and Zoo, well-maintained streets adorned with trees and flowers.|
|Ooty||Tamil Nadu||Botanical gardens, Ooty Lake, and abundant greenery in the hill station.|
|Nainital||Uttarakhand||Naini Lake has serene surroundings and beautiful gardens.|
|Shimla||Himachal Pradesh||The Ridge Maidan, Jakhoo Temple gardens, and hill station greenery.|
|Nagpur||Maharashtra||Japanese Rose Garden, Futala Lake, and clean, green surroundings.|
Challenges to the Garden City of India
While Bengaluru’s reputation as the Garden City is well-deserved, it faces its fair share of challenges in preserving this green legacy. Rapid urbanization and population growth have led to increased demand for land and infrastructure. As a result, green spaces are often threatened by encroachments and development projects.
One of the significant challenges is the dwindling tree cover in the city. Large-scale tree felling for infrastructure development and a lack of stringent enforcement of tree protection laws have put a strain on Bengaluru’s green cover. Initiatives like the “Steel Flyover Beda” campaign have been launched by citizens to protect the city’s trees and green spaces.
The city’s traffic and pollution woes also pose challenges to maintaining a green and sustainable environment. Managing the balance between development and environmental preservation remains an ongoing concern.
Conclusion: Garden City of India
Bengaluru, originally known as the Garden City of India, has transformed over the years into India’s Silicon Valley while retaining its green and pleasant charm. The city stands as a testament to India’s ability to blend tradition and modernity. As it grapples with urbanization and technological advancements, it remains committed to preserving its natural beauty and ecological diversity.
The sobriquet “Garden City of India” is not merely a label but a reminder of the city’s commitment to nurturing and maintaining its lush green heritage in the midst of rapid change. Bengaluru is a city that embraces both its past and its future, making it a unique and enduring place in the heart of India.
FAQ on Which city is known as the Garden City of India
Question 1. Which city is known as the Garden City of India?
Answer. The city known as the Garden City of India is Bengaluru, formerly known as Bangalore.
Question 2. How did Bengaluru earn the title of the Garden City of India?
Answer. Bengaluru earned this title due to its lush greenery, well-maintained parks, gardens, tree-lined avenues, and pleasant climate that contribute to its reputation as a city with abundant green spaces.
Question 3. What are some of the famous parks and gardens in Bengaluru?
Answer. Bengaluru is home to several iconic parks and gardens, including Lalbagh Botanical Garden, Cubbon Park, Lalbagh Glass House, and numerous smaller parks and lakes.